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Xiaojian Xu, Jiaming Liu, Yu Sun, Brendt Wohlberg and Ulugbek S. Kamilov, "Boosting the Performance of Plug-and-Play Priors via Denoiser Scaling", arXiv, 2002.11546, 2020


Plug-and-play priors (PnP) is an image reconstruction framework that uses an image denoiser as an imaging prior. Unlike traditional regularized inversion, PnP does not require the prior to be expressible in the form of a regularization function. This flexibility enables PnP algorithms to exploit the most effective image denoisers, leading to their state-of-the-art performance in various imaging tasks. In this paper, we propose a new denoiser scaling technique to explicitly control the amount of PnP regularization. Traditionally, the performance of PnP algorithms is controlled via intrinsic parameters of the denoiser related to the noise variance. However, many powerful denoisers, such as the ones based on convolutional neural networks (CNNs), do not have tunable parameters that would allow controlling their influence within PnP. To address this issue, we introduce a scaling parameter that adjusts the magnitude of the denoiser input and output. We theoretical justify the denoiser scaling from the perspectives of proximal optimization, statistical estimation, and consensus equilibrium. Finally, we provide numerical experiments demonstrating the ability of denoiser scaling to systematically improve the performance of PnP for denoising CNN priors that do not have explicitly tunable parameters.

BibTeX Entry

author = {Xiaojian Xu and Jiaming Liu and Yu Sun and Brendt Wohlberg and Ulugbek S. Kamilov},
title = {Boosting the Performance of Plug-and-Play Priors via Denoiser Scaling},
year = {2020},
month = Feb,
urlpdf = {},
urlhtml = {},
institution = {arXiv},
number = {2002.11546}